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Federal Reserve System: Stablecoins Pose Potential Risks to Financial Stability

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  • Vladislav Sopov
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    According to its Financial Stability Report of November 2019, the Board of Governors has warned about the dangers of stablecoins.

Stablecoins Could Pose Risks To Financial Stability: Federal Reserve System
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The Board of Governors of the U.S. Federal Reserve System have issued their monthly Financial Stability Report. This special report is dedicated to the profits and risks of "global stablecoins".

Stablecoins: Global System with So Many "Ifs"

First, the Federal Reserve admits to the numerous advantages that stablecoins present as a concept. It has been highlighed that stablecoins are "faster, cheaper, and more inclusive payments could complement existing payment systems". This is in comparison to cases where traditional financial institutions are sophisticated and poorly accessible. Stablecoins can also be managed to eliminate the volatility of cryptocurrencies, which is one of the borders for them to be utilized as the medium for exchange.

Therefore, the "global stablecoin initiatives" like Facebook's Libra can rapidly achieve cross-border adoption. However, the major threat for stablecoins is apparent - the "inability to convert in national currency". The loss of confidence in "pegging" the stablecoin to traditional assets can lead to a run, in which several holders will attempt to liquidate their stablecoins at the same time.

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This dramatic scenario may be caused by "poor design and governance", and can result in severe consequences for international economic activity, asset prices, and financial stability.

Transparency First

The Federal Reserve also outlined in its report that in many cases, stablecoins can be utilized for money laundering, terrorist financing, and other financial crimes. Therefore, the Federal Reserve would require operators of such systems to conduct their Due Diligence, as well as Know Your Customer (KYC) and Anti-Money Laundering (AML) procedures to avoid any abuse. Moreover, the problems of disclosure policy and protecting investor data should be of paramount importance for stablecoin issuers:

Disclosures should clearly detail consumer and investor rights and protections, including whether the holder of the stablecoin has any rights to the underlying asset. Issuers should be transparent on how the stablecoin is tied to the underlying asset, has been said in the Report.

Last but not least, the report highlighted that the Federal Reserve, together with the Group of Seven, will closely monitor stablecoin developments as well as all the risks associated with it.

Have anyone ever invested in stablecoins? Do you prefer to use it, or to pay extra fees for fiat gateways? Tell us your story on Twitter!

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About the author

 Blockchain Analyst & Writer with scientific background. 5+ years in IT-analytics, 2+ years in blockhain. Worked in independent analysis (Crypto Briefing) as well as in start-ups (Swap.online, Monoreto, Attic Lab etc.)

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Ethereum’s Vitalik Buterin: Fiat Money Will Not be Destroyed

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  • Vladislav Sopov
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    Vitalik Buterin, Co-Founder of the Ethereum Foundation and “father” of Ethereum, sat down with Eric Weinstein on The Portal podcast to discuss “old” and “new” economics.

Vitalik Buterin, Ethereum: Fiat Money Will Not Be Destroyed
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Two intellectuals, Vitalik Buterin (Creator of Ethereum), and Eric Weinstein (PhD, scientist, and Managing Director at Thiel Capital), recently sat down on The Portal to discuss Mr. Buterin's attitude towards the "classic" economics theory.

Libertarianism and Diversity

When both individuals discussed libertarianism, Vitalik Buterin said that libertarians mostly belong to two large groups characterized as either a "leave me alone'" or "conquer the world" approach. This divergence can be extrapolated into cryptocurrencies in terms of their mass adoption.

Mr. Buterin highlighted that there are participants within the crypto community that are assured that fiat currencies will be destroyed and replaced by Bitcoin (BTC). In general, Mr. Buterin estimated that the prospects of any "short-term disruption" for the sake of some "nebulous long-term gain" is skeptical. He said:

I'm definitely not in the camp that actively relishes that fiat currencies will be destroyed. 

Mr. Buterin added that several members within the Bitcoin community share this belief.

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Peaceful Coexistence

Vitalik Buterin predicts that Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies will coexist with fiat money and balance the disadvantages of the classic monetary system. He also added that cryptocurrencies will provide "checks and balances" against a government monopoly on "issuing money" rather than "replacing it entirely".

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Mr. Buterin is well-known as a champion of pluralism in future world of cryptocurrency. He is sure that different communities will defend their views on its development.

Will crypto one day replace fiat money? Tell us your opinion on Twitter.

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About the author

 Blockchain Analyst & Writer with scientific background. 5+ years in IT-analytics, 2+ years in blockhain. Worked in independent analysis (Crypto Briefing) as well as in start-ups (Swap.online, Monoreto, Attic Lab etc.)

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